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What is the Kimberley Process?

The world of diamonds is one filled with allure and mystique, but it’s not without its darker side. Have you ever wondered how these precious stones go from the depths of the Earth to the dazzling displays of jewelry stores? More importantly, how do we ensure that these gems are ethically sourced? Enter the Kimberley Process, a crucial initiative in the global diamond trade. But what exactly is the Kimberley Process, and how does it impact the industry and consumers?

Understanding the Kimberley Process

The Kimberley Process (KP) is an international certification scheme that was established in 2003 to prevent the flow of conflict diamonds, also known as blood diamonds. Conflict diamonds are rough diamonds usedrebel movements to finance wars against legitimate governments. The KP aims to ensure that the diamond trade does not fund violence, ensuring the integrity of the global diamond market.

Origins and Development

The Kimberley Process was born out of a need to address the alarming issue of conflict diamonds funding brutal civil wars in Africa during the 1990s. These wars, particularly in countries like Sierra Leone, Angola, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, caused immense suffering and instability. In response, the international community, including governments, industry leaders lab diamonds, and civil society organizations, came together to create a system that would certify diamonds as conflict-free.

In May 2000, a meeting in Kimberley, South Africa, brought together diamond-producing states to discuss solutions. This meeting led to the establishment of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) in 2003. The KPCS outlines the requirements for controlling rough diamond production and trade to ensure they are conflict-free.

How the Kimberley Process Works

The Kimberley Process operates through a certification scheme that tracks diamonds from mine to market. Here’s a simplified breakdown of how it works:

Challenges and Criticisms

While the Kimberley Process has made significant strides in curbing the flow of conflict diamonds, it is not without its criticisms and challenges. Some of the main issues include:

The Impact of the Kimberley Process

Despite its limitations, the Kimberley Process has had a profound impact on the diamond industry. It has significantly reduced the flow of conflict diamonds and increased transparency in the supply chain. According to the KP, the percentage of conflict diamonds in the global market has dropped from approximately 15% in the 1990s to less than 1% today.

Consumer Awareness and Ethical Choices

As consumers, we have a role to play in supporting ethical diamond trade. By choosing to buy diamonds that are certified conflict-free, we can help promote ethical practices in the industry. Many jewelers now offer information about the origin of their diamonds and adhere to strict sourcing policies.


What is the kimberley process is a testament to what can be achieved when the international community comes together to address a pressing issue. While it is not perfect and faces ongoing challenges, it has made significant strides in ensuring that diamonds, symbols of love and beauty, do not come at the cost of human suffering. As consumers, being informed and making ethical choices can further support the vision of a conflict-free diamond market. So, next time you admire a sparkling diamond, remember the journey it has taken and the efforts in place to ensure its integrity. How can we, as a global community, continue to improve and support such initiatives? The Kimberley Process shows that while the path is complex, progress is possible.

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